This section provides an overview of current ICT Initiatives and projects being implemented in Tanzania.
Science Technology and Higher Education Program (STHEP) is a World Bank funded project to the Government of Tanzania, implemented through the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) program with support from the Ministry of Communication Science and Technology (MCST). This is a seven-year program that is broken down into two phases of activities. APL1 activities has to be implemented within the first two years and APL2 activities will be accomplished within the last five years of the program. The long-term purpose of STHEP is to improve development of human capital in area of Science and Technology (S&T) and create a knowledge-based economy within the next ten years. 128 Higher Education and Research Institutions (HERIs) are under STHEP program.
STHEP has four program components: Component 1A - Investments in Priority Discipline for Economic Growth; Component 1B - Expanded capacity for Teachers preparation and for graduate's studies in education; Component 2A - Strengthening Key Higher Education Agencies and Institutions; Component 2B - Investments in ICT based Higher Education Systems. STHEP Component 2B is focusing on four (4) major areas being; National Research and Education Network (NREN), Education Management Information system (EMIS), E-Library, and E-Learning. Shared mechanisms to support the implementation of Component 2B of STHEP have being established between all 128 HERIs under this program.
The feasibility study for the development of E-libraries and EMIS has finished with presentation of the final findings on 18th December 2012. The piloting of the e-learning system will commence in February 2013 for Universities. The piloting for E-libraries and EMIS will be undertaken with sixteen institutions from February 2013.
Funding agency: World Bank
Within STHEP, a major objective of component 2B is to provide a National Research and Education Network (NREN) to: better manage the increasing numbers of students as the education sector expands; improve the quality of data used in decision making and resource management; enhance knowledge sharing; improve transparency; improve classroom student-teacher participation; and improve research capability.
The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania through the Ministry of Communication, Science and Technology (MCST) - the National coordinating Ministry for the development of all ICT related activities - is currently building the National ICT Optic Fiber Cable (OFC) infrastructure Backbone (NICTBB). The NICTBB will connect all district and regional headquarters in the country. The project officially started in February 2009, and is now 70% complete.
Last Mile Connectivity
128 Higher Education and Research Institutions have been identified to be connected through the NREN. Because of the limited funds available for phase 1 of the STHEP implementation, recommendations were made to connect only 27 higher education and research institutions in phase 1 and the remaining institutions to be connected in phase 2. By December 2012 14 Institutions are connected to date with a minimum of 10Mbps connectivity.
Building on the NICTBB and NREN, STHEP intends to implement both an Education Management Information System (EMIS) and an e-Library system to support education and research activities. The e-Library system includes both library management system (LMS) functionality, as well as digital library functionality, i.e. making digital content available for direct access by end users through digital technologies. The EMIS and e-Library systems may each consist of more than one software application. During the first two years of APL1, STHEP through COSTECH will focus on building up the required expertise in collaboration with the Higher Education and Research Institution (HERI) stakeholders. This collaboration will form the basis of, and be facilitated by new organizational bodies that will allow for formalized cooperation and shared decision-making (referred to below as "shared mechanisms"), which will later provide the ongoing support and maintenance essential for APL 2 to start.
A shared mechanism is a mechanism to bring together a wide range of stakeholders who have not previously collaborated in this way. The shared mechanisms will be governed by a Steering Committee and Stakeholders Forum.
The piloting for E-libraries and EMIS will be undertaken with sixteen institutions from February 2013.
Under the auspicious of the AU, AAU and UbuntuNet, submarine cable service providers alliance negotiated model for accessing educational and research networks for an individual university or higher learning institutions through the access to the national NREN (COSTECH), which will be connected to the regional NREN which in turn will be connected via submarine cable to regional NREN (Europe in this case) and then connected beyond that to other networks. The Large developed NRENs of Europe and North America do this to ensure that the traffic is for education and research to justify the price discount offered for IP traffic. At the same time the submarine cable providers SEACOM, EASSy and TEAMs are also offering a discounted education and research bandwidth price, knowing that this circuit has been terminated at a NREN network for education purposes through SEACOM connectivity at the capacity of STM-1. Initially the Open University of Tanzania (OUT), Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT), College of Business Education (CBE), Ardhi University (ARU), Herbart Kairuki Memorial University of Medicine, Institute of Transport, Mikocheni Agriculture Research Institute (MARI), Tanzania Industrial Research and Development Organization (TIRDO) were connected to the COSTECH NOC and directly linked with European GEANT2 through the Ubuntu Alliance. By December 2012 fourteen institutions are connected to the STM1 capacity providing a minimum of 10Mbps per institution.
In Tanzania, TERNET is a technical NGO supporting COSTECH in the implementation of the NREN and is a member of the Ubuntunet Alliance of which other members are Ebale (DRC), Ethernet (Ethiopia), KENET (Kenya), MAREN (Malawi), Morenet (Mozambique), Rwednet (Rwanda), SomaliREN (Somalia), SUIN (Sudan), TENET (South Africa), RENU (Uganda) and ZAMREN (Zambia). TERNET is committed to the AfricaConnect project for interconnecting these African NRENs' through cross border fibre to allow peering and exchange of research and education traffic regionally.
Funding agency: World Bank
This is an effort by the Ministry of Health to develop an ICT strategy for guiding ICT applications in the sector.
Funding: from the Government of Tanzania, with the process facilitated by the International Institute for Communication and Development of The Netherlands.
Geographic scope: National covering all health facilities and agencies.
Initially this network was established by the Christian Social Services Commission with funding provided by International Institute for Communication and Development IICD of the Netherlands.
The network is now in the process of expending to include faith based hospitals owned by Muslim Council (BAKWATA) and Private Hospitals
Implementation of Enterprise Resource System by the Tanzania Ports Authority to be used in all sea and lake ports
Implementation of Enterprise Resource System by the Airports authority to be used in all Airports
Funding provided jointly by the Tanzania Ports Authority and SITA Enterprise. Coverage is all Airports
Project by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training to provide laptops for school children.
Funding: World Bank funded project
Geographic scope: National
The National ICT infrastructure involves construction of National ICT Backbone (NICTBB) using Optic fibre cable as a medium of transport. The project will cover all regions and district headquarters in Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar and also provide cross border connectivity to Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burudi, DRC, Zambia and Malawi. This project is now over 70% complete.
TANZICT is an Information Society and ICT Sector development bi-lateral project between the Government of Tanzania and the Government of Finland, which is hosted by COSTECH and commenced in August 2011. It is focused on strengthening the Tanzania Information Society through a revision of the national ICT Policy and associated Implementation, strengthening the institutional capacity of MCST and creating a Tanzania Innovation programme.
TANZICT set up an open Innovation Space and pre-Incubation space on the ground floor of COSTECH, which was officially opened on 31 October 2011. As at December 2012, there are 830 individuals registered to use the Innovation Space, which provides co-working space with Wi-Fi Internet access for up to 40 people and a meeting space for up to 60 people. There are quite a lot of participants from the College of ICT working in the Innovation Space, which is very actively used on a daily basis from 8am - 10pm and 9am - 6pm on weekends.
TANZICT co-operated with IIMC in relation to the second IST-Africa Living Lab Workshop in Dar es Salaam in May 2012. TANZICT is providing hands on support to emerging Living Labs in Iringa, Kigamboni and Arusha.
TANZICT and COSTECH launched an ICT Innovation Fund, with the first Calls for applications in November 2012. TANZICT and DTBi launch joint Call for Pre-Incubation and Incubation.
Funding: Government of Finland
The Dar Teknohama Business Incubator (DTBi) was set up in June 2011 under the Public Private Parternship between InfoDev and COSTECH. It is currently hosted by COSTECH as an Incubator to support local technology-driven companies as well as young entrepreneurs with high growth potential. Dar Teknohama provides access to shared resources and facilities, providing mentoring services, networking opportunities and access to finance and markets. It supports pre-incubation in co-operation with TANZICT and currently has 7 residential companies being incubated.
Funding: Infodev and COSTECH
Over the next 5 years, the ICT Technology Park, a Public and Private Partnership between the Government of Tanzania and SEACOM, will provide an important anchor for Tanzania's aspirations of job creation and modernization. In a context of increasing international competition within Africa, Tanzania's long term objective to create high-end jobs in value-added services. Alongside having the necessary infrastructure, a sound BPO strategy is being developed to create jobs and provide the necessary skills to make Tanzania attractive for foreign direct investment. It is planned that the ICT Park will be a focal point for innovation, having an Incubator that provides co-working space, seed funding, training and mentorship for ICT entrepreneurs as well as a 2 Tier data centre. Multinationals and national ICT-related companies will relocate to this Park.
Creating a focal point for innovation, facilitated by technology education and an incubator providing co-working space, seed funding and mentorship to ICT entrepreneurs located in the ICT Technology Park
Funding: SEACOM and COSTECH
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